What is PEXEVA® (paroxetine mesylate)?
PEXEVA® is an antidepressant in the drug group called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs are a group of drugs that are believed to act by balancing the activity of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a chemical with many actions in the body; one of the functions of serotonin in the brain is to modify mood and behavior.
In people with depression, PEXEVA can help resolve symptoms like sadness, low energy, sleep difficulty, irritability, or despair. PEXEVA is indicated for either depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or panic disorder. PEXEVA contains paroxetine mesylate, a form of paroxetine.
PEXEVA is not addicting and is not a controlled substance, but do not stop taking PEXEVA without talking to your doctor. Stopping PEXEVA suddenly can cause other symptoms. That's why you should never stop your medication without speaking with your doctor first, even if you start feeling better. There is no generic alternative for PEXEVA, so pharmacists cannot switch your PEXEVA prescriptions.
If your refill tablets do not look like this, consult your physician.
Use of PEXEVA®
PEXEVA® (paroxetine mesylate) is approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD), and generalized anxiety
disorder (GAD) in adults.
Depression is a serious medical condition that in some people can lead to suicidal thoughts. As with any medication, there are benefits and risks with PEXEVA. It is important to discuss these
with your doctor.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
What is the most important information I should know about PEXEVA®?
PEXEVA and other antidepressant medicines may cause serious side effects, including:
1. Suicidal thoughts or actions:
- PEXEVA and other antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, or young adults within the first few months of treatment or when the dose is changed.
- Depression or other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts or actions.
- Watch for these changes and call your healthcare provider right away if you notice:
- New or sudden changes in mood, behavior, actions, thoughts, or feelings, especially if severe.
- Pay particular attention to such changes when PEXEVA is started or when the dose is changed.
Keep all follow-up visits with your healthcare provider and call between visits if you are worried about symptoms.
Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms, or call 911 if an emergency, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:
Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms, or call 911 if an emergency. PEXEVA may be associated with these serious side effects:
2. Serotonin Syndrome. This condition can be life-threatening and may include:
- attempts to commit suicide
- acting on dangerous impulses
- acting aggressive or violent
- thoughts about suicide or dying
- new or worse depression
- new or worse anxiety or panic attacks
- feeling agitated, restless, angry or irritable
- trouble sleeping
- an increase in activity or talking more than what is normal for you
- other unusual changes in behavior or mood
3. Visual problems
- agitation, hallucinations, coma or other changes in mental status
- coordination problems or muscle twitching (overactive reflexes)
- racing heartbeat, high or low blood pressure
- sweating or fever
- nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- muscle rigidity
- eye pain
- changes in vision
- swelling or redness in or around the eye
Only some people are at risk for these problems. You may want to undergo an eye examination to see if you are at risk and receive preventative treatment if you are.
4. Severe allergic reactions:
5. Abnormal bleeding:
- trouble breathing
- swelling of the face, tongue, eyes or mouth
- rash, itchy welts (hives) or blisters, alone or with fever or joint pain
PEXEVA and other antidepressant medicines may increase your risk of bleeding or bruising, especially if you take the blood thinner warfarin (Coumadin®
), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID's, like ibuprofen or naproxen), or aspirin.
6. Seizures or convulsions
7. Manic episodes:
8. Changes in appetite or weight.
- greatly increased energy
- severe trouble sleeping
- racing thoughts
- reckless behavior
- unusually grand ideas
- excessive happiness or irritability
- talking more or faster than usual
Children and adolescents should have height and weight monitored during treatment.
9. Low salt (sodium) levels in the blood.
Elderly people may be at greater risk for this. Symptoms may include:
Do not stop PEXEVA without first talking to your healthcare provider. Stopping PEXEVA too quickly may cause serious symptoms including:
- weakness or feeling unsteady
- confusion, problems concentrating or thinking or memory problems
Who should not take PEXEVA?
- anxiety, irritability, high or low mood, feeling restless or changes in sleep habits
- headache, sweating, nausea, dizziness
- electric shock-like sensations, shaking, confusion
Do not take PEXEVA if you:
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking PEXEVA? Ask if you are not sure.
- are allergic to paroxetine mesylate or any of the ingredients in PEXEVA. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients in PEXEVA.
- take a Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (MAOI). Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you are not sure if you take an MAOI.
- Do not take an MAOI within 2 weeks of stopping PEXEVA unless directed to do so by your physician.
- Do not start PEXEVA if you stopped taking an MAOI in the last 2 weeks unless directed to do so by your physician.
- People who take PEXEVA close in time to an MAOI may have serious or even life-threatening side effects. Get medical help right away if you have any of these symptoms:
- high fever
- uncontrolled muscle spasms
- stiff muscles
- rapid changes in heart rate or blood pressure
- loss of consciousness (pass out)
- take Mellaril® (thioridazine). Do not take Mellaril® together with PEXEVA because this can cause serious heart rhythm problems or sudden death.
- take the antipsychotic medicine pimozide (Orap®) because this can cause serious heart problems.
Before starting PEXEVA, tell your healthcare provider if you:
- are pregnant, may be pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. There is a possibility that PEXEVA may harm your unborn baby, including an increased risk of birth defects, particularly heart defects. Other risks include a serious condition in which there is not enough oxygen in the baby's blood. Your baby may also have certain other symptoms shortly after birth. Premature births have also been reported in some women who used PEXEVA® during pregnancy.
- are breastfeeding. PEXEVA passes into your milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby while taking PEXEVA.
- are taking certain drugs such as:
- triptans used to treat migraine headache
- other antidepressants (SSRI's, SNRI's, tricyclics, or lithium) or antipsychotics
- drugs that affect serotonin such as lithium, tramadol, tryptophan, St. John's wort
- certain drugs used to treat irregular heart beats
- certain drugs used to treat schizophrenia
- certain drugs used to treat HIV infection
- certain drugs that affect the blood such as warfarin, aspirin, and ibuprofen
- certain drugs used to treat epilepsy
- have liver problems
- have kidney problems
- have heart problems
- have or had seizures or convulsions
- have bipolar disorder or mania
- have low sodium levels in your blood
- have a history of a stroke
- have high blood pressure
- have or had bleeding problems
- have glaucoma (high pressure in the eye).
If you take PEXEVA, you should not take any other medicines that contain paroxetine including: PAXIL® and PAXIL CR®.
What should I avoid while taking PEXEVA?
PEXEVA can cause sleepiness or may affect your ability to make decisions, think clearly, or react quickly. You should not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how PEXEVA affects you. Do not drink alcohol while using PEXEVA.
What are the possible side effects of PEXEVA?
PEXEVA may cause serious side effects, including all of those described in the section entitled "What is the most important information I should know about PEXEVA?"
Common possible side effects in people who take PEXEVA include:
- Feeling anxious
- Trouble sleeping
- Sexual problems
- Not feeling hungry
- Dry mouth
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of PEXEVA. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.